HEALING HERBS

Jul 13, 2007 at 08:02 o\clock

SCURVY

                      SCURVY

INTRODUCTION:          

Scurvy is a deficiency disease that results from insufficient intake of vitamin C. In infants, scurvy is sometimes referred to as Barlow's disease, Scurvy is also known as Moeller's disease and Cheadle's disease.Scurvy leads to the formation of liver spots on the skin, spongy gums, and bleeding from all mucous membranes. The spots are most abundant on the thighs and legs, and a person with the ailment looks pale, feels depressed, and is partially immobilized. In advanced scurvy there are open, suppurating wounds and loss of teeth. 

SYMPTOMS:

In children, the deficiency can cause painful swelling of the legs along with fever, diarrhea, and vomiting. In adults, early signs of scurvy include feeling weak, tired, and achy. The appearance of tiny red blood-blisters to larger purplish blotches on the skin of the legs is a common symptom. Wound healing may be delayed and scars that had healed may start to breakdown. The gums swell and bleed easily, eventually leading to loosened teeth. Muscle and joint pain may also occur. 

CAUSES:

A lack of vitamin C in the diet is the primary cause of scurvy. This can occur in people on very restricted diets, who are under extreme physiological stress and in chronic alcoholics. Infants can develop scurvy if they are weaned from breast milk and switched to cow's milk without an additional supplement of vitamin C. Babies of mothers who took extremely high doses of vitamin C during pregnancy can develop infantile scurvy. 

ROLE OF VITAMIN C:                                    

Ascorbic acid is important in the formation of collagen (an element of normal tissues), and any deficiency interferes with normal tissue synthesis. Vitamin C is an important antioxidant vitamin involved in the development of connective tissues, lipid and vitamin metabolism, biosynthesis of neurotransmitters, immune function, and wound healing.      

The recommended daily allowance for vitamin C is 50–60 mg/day for adults; 35 mg/day for infants; 40–45 mg/day for children 1–14; 70 mg/day during pregnancy; and 90–95 mg/day during lactation. The body's need for vitamin C increases when a person is under stress, smoking or taking certain medications. 

DIAGNOSIS:

Scurvy is often diagnosed based on the symptoms present. A dietary history showing little or no fresh fruits or vegetables are eaten may help to diagnose vitamin C deficiency. A blood test can also be used to check the level of ascorbic acid in the body. 

TREATMENT:

Adult treatment includes supplementing usually 300–1,000 mg of ascorbic acid per day. Infants should be treated with 50 mg of ascorbic acid up to four times per day.Other Scurvy treatments include outdoor exercises and fresh air exposureThe patient should also undertake outdoor exercises like walking, swimming, and cycling. He should sleep in a well ventilated room, and spend as much time as possible in the fresh air.

 DIET:          

 After the age of one year, the child may be given fruits and vegetable juices, besides milk and occasional intake of whole meal bread. After the age of two years, the child can be gradually allowed to embark upon a well-balanced diet, with emphasis on fruits, steamed vegetables, wholegrain cereals, and milk.              

 Diet also plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of scurvy in adults. The patient should take a well-balanced diet consisting of seeds, nuts, grains, vegetables, and fruit. This diet should be supplemented with certain special foods such as milk, vegetable oils, and honey. The patient should be given liberal quantities of foods rich in vitamin C. This vitamin is found in fruits, especially citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, and grapefruit, and in green leafy vegetables like broccoli and spinach.It can be taken in tablet form also. 

HOME REMEDIES:

Using Indian Gooseberry

The Indian gooseberry is one of the most effective home remedies for scurvy. It is the richest source of vitamin C. Dry amla should be powdered with an equal quantity of sugar. This powder should be given in doses of one teaspoon, three times daily, with milk.  

Using Lime and Lemon

The use of lime and lemon is highly beneficial in the prevention and treatment of scurvy. Being rich sources of vitamin C, lime and lemon are regarded as foods of exceptional therapeutic value. The juice of one lime or lemon mixed in a glass of water, with a teaspoon of honey, should be taken.

Using Mango Powder

Another effective remedy for scurvy is the use of aamchur, a popular article of diet in Indian houses, consisting of green mangoes - skinned, stoned, cut into pieces, dried in the sun and powdered. Fifteen grams of aamchur are believed to be equivalent to thirty grams of good lime on account of its citric content. Using PotatoPotato is regarded as an excellent food remedy for scurvy. It contains up to 17 mg of vitamin C, can be found in 100 mg of potatoes.

Using Jaundice Berry

Jaundice berry is valuable herbal remedy fur scurvy. The leaves of the plant are anti-scorbutic or anti-scurvy. A decoction of the leaves can be prepared by boiling 15 gm of dried leaves in 500 ml of water till it is reduced by one-third. About 150 to 175 ml of the decoction can be taken at a time. The juice of the berry is also beneficial and can be taken in doses of 2 to 4 ml.  

Mother's milk

The most important factor in the prevention and treatment of scurvy is proper feeding. Mother's milk is pure and fresh and contains, in correct proportions, most of the nutrients necessary for the growth and development of the baby.  

 HERBAL REMEDIES:

Rosa canina, Rosa rugosa, Rosa centifolia also known as Hip berry are high in Vitamin C. Rose hips are useful in preventing scurvy. Preparation: Infusion of 2-3 teaspoons of dried, crushed, hips per cup of water.

Amla (Amalaki) is believed to be the richest natural source of antioxidant vitamin C, with up to 720 mg/100g of fresh pulp or up to 900 mg/100g of pressed juice. It contains 20 times the amount of Vitamin C found in oranges. The fruit juice and its sediment, and residue, have antioxidant properties due to Vitamin C content.

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Jul 13, 2007 at 07:54 o\clock

ALCOHOLISM

ALCOHOLISM

 

 INTRODUCTION:

Alcoholism is a chronic, often progressive disease. Left untreated, alcoholism can be fatal. Alcoholism starts with the individual taking an occasional drink. This gradually becomes a habit and leads to a state where the person cannot do without alcohol. Some people drink alcohol to enliven social gatherings under social pressure; for others, it is an escape from the responsibilities or stresses of life. Alcoholism and alcohol abuse cause major social, economic and public health problems. Various treatments are available, and self-help groups can provide ongoing support for people recovering from alcoholism. 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

Some of the indications of alcoholism include:Drinking alone or in secret Being unable to limit the amount of alcohol Not remembering conversations or commitments,  Making a ritual of having drinks before, with or after dinner and becoming annoyed when this ritual is disturbed or questioned Losing interest in activities and hobbies that used to bring pleasure Feeling a need or compulsion to drink Irritability when your usual drinking time nears, especially if alcohol isn't available Keeping alcohol in unlikely places at home, at work or in the car Having legal problems or problems with relationships, employment or finances Experiencing physical withdrawal symptoms such as nausea, sweating and shaking if you don't drink  

 CAUSES:

Alcohol addiction - physical dependence on alcohol occurs gradually as drinking alcohol alters the balance of some chemicals in the brain inhibits impulsiveness and excites the nervous system.

Genetics - Certain genetic factors may cause a person to be vulnerable to alcoholism or other addictions.

Emotional state - High levels of stress, anxiety or emotional pain can lead some people to drink alcohol. Certain stress hormones may be associated with alcoholism.

Psychological factors -. People having low-self esteem or depression and having friends or a close partner who drinks regularly may get used to drinking habit

Social and cultural factors – Some of the social factors like advertising and the media may induce people to drink. 

COMPLICATIONS:

Alcohol depresses the central nervous system. In sufficient amounts, alcohol impairs speech and muscle coordination. Too much alcohol can severely depress the vital centers of the brain. A heavy drinking binge may even cause a life-threatening coma.Over time, excessive alcohol use can cause fatigue and short-term memory loss, as well as weakness and paralysis of eye muscles. Other severe health effects may include:

Liver disorders - Drinking heavily can cause alcoholic hepatitis, an inflammation of the liver. Signs and symptoms may include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and tenderness, fever, yellowing of the skin (jaundice) and sometimes confusion.

Gastrointestinal problems - Alcohol can result in inflammation of the lining of the stomach (gastritis). Heavy drinking can also damage the pancreas.  

Cardiovascular problems - Excessive drinking can lead to high blood pressure and damage the heart muscle which in turn increases the risk of heart failure or stroke.

 Diabetes complications - Alcohol prevents the release of glucose from the liver and can increase the risk of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). This is dangerous if you have diabetes and are already taking insulin to lower your blood sugar level.

Birth defects - Alcohol use during pregnancy may cause fetal alcohol syndrome. This condition results in birth defects, including a small head, heart defects, a shortening of the eyelids and various other abnormalities.  

Bone loss - Alcohol may interfere with the production of new bone. This can lead to thinning bones and an increased risk of fractures.

Neurological complications - Excessive drinking can affect the nervous system, causing numbness of the hands and feet, disordered thinking and dementia.

Increased risk of cancer- Chronic alcohol abuse has been linked to a higher risk of cancer of the esophagus, larynx, liver and colon. 

TREATMENT:

Treatment of the alcoholic can be divided into 3 stages. Initially, the person has to be medically stabilized. Next, he must undergo a detoxification process, followed by long-term abstinence and rehabilitation. An alcohol-sensitizing drug called disulfiram (Antabuse) may be a strong deterrent. 

DIET FOR ALCOHOLISM RECOVERY:

The most effective way to treat alcoholism is to build up the body's nutritional integrity so as to prevent craving for stimulants like drinks. The best substitute drink for alcohol is a glass of fresh fruit juice. The patient should drink juices and eat candy or other snacks if he feels a craving for a stimulant.  After the initial fast of juices, the patient should take an optimum diet of vital nutrients consisting of wholegrain cereals, nuts, seeds and sprouts, fresh fruits, and vegetables. All refined foods such as sugar, white rice, macaroni products, strong condiments, white flour, and meat should be avoided. Smoking must be avoided as it increases the desire for alcohol. During the first ten days of the 'juice fast', a warm-water enema should be taken everyday to cleanse the bowels. Plenty of rest and outdoor physical exercises are also necessary.

HOME REMEDIES:

Using Grapes

The most important home remedy for alcoholism is an exclusive diet is grapes. Since this fruit contains the purest form of alcohol, it is an ideal yet healthy substitute for alcohol. Alcoholics should take three meals a day of fresh grapes at five-hourly intervals. The success of this treatment depends on the determination of the alcoholic to stop drinking. Using ApplesApples are another effective remedy for alcoholism. A generous intake of apples helps remove intoxication and reduces the craving for wines and other intoxicating liquors.

Using Dates

Dates are considered beneficial in the treatment of alcoholism. The patient should drink half a glass of water in which four or five dates have been rubbed together. This remedy should be taken twice daily for a month. It will bring definite relief.

Using Bitter Gourd

The juice of the leaves of bitter gourd is an antidote for alcohol intoxication. It is also useful for a liver damaged due to alcoholism. Three teaspoons of this juice, mixed with a glass of butter milk, should be taken every morning for a month.

Using Celery

The juice of raw celery has also been found useful in alcoholism. It exercises a sobering effect on the patient and is an antidote to alcohol. Half a glass of celery juice mixed with an equal quantity of water should be taken once daily for a month. 

 HERBAL REMEDIES:

Evening Primrose- Evening primrose is often used as oil extracted from the seed of this herb. This is commonly called EPO.

Ginseng -American and Asian ginseng may help treat alcohol intoxication because each of these herbs speeds up the metabolism (break down) of alcohol.

Milk Thistle is used for the treatment of alcoholic liver disease. People with the mildest form of alcohol-related liver damage seem to improve the most. Milk thistle is less effective for those with severe liver disease such as cirrhosis.

St. John's Wort is used as a remedy for those with depression and alcoholism share certain similarities in brain chemical activity. Additional herbs that an herbal specialist might consider to support you while undergoing treatment for alcoholism include:

 Dandelion is used for liver-related problems and as a nutritional support because it is rich in vitamins and minerals. It tends to work well with milk thistle.

Skullcap is used for tension and anxiety and this herb may help ease the withdrawal process.

Arsenicum album is used for anxiety and compulsiveness, with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea

Nux vomica is recommended for irritability and compulsiveness with constipation, nausea, and vomiting

 Lachesis is best for cravings for alcohol, headaches, and difficulty swallowing

Staphysagria is used for angry individuals who tend to suppress their emotions and may have been abused physically, sexually, or psychologically in the past .

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Jul 2, 2007 at 08:40 o\clock

NEURITIS

                     NEURITIS 

INTRODUCTION:

Neuritis is the general inflammation of the peripheral nervous system. Neuritis refers to an inflammation of the nerves, be it a single nerve or a series of nerves. At times, several different groups of nerves in various part of the body may be involved. This condition is known as polyneuritis. This could be the result of a faulty diet, wrong habits of living, overwork, nutritional deficiencies, and metabolic disturbances. 

TYPES:

Neuritis is classified as follows

Brachial neuritis

Optical neuritis

Intercostal neuritis

Ulnar neuritis

 Lumbosacral neuritis

Vestibular neuritis

Occipital neuritis

Optic neuritis, (retrobulbar neuritis), is the inflammation of the optic nerve that may cause a complete or partial loss of vision. 

SYMPTOMS:

The main symptoms of neuritis are a tingling and burning sensation, and stabbing pains in the affected nerves. In severe cases, there may be numbness, loss of sensation, and paralysis of the nearby muscles. 

CAUSES:

The main cause of neuritis is chronic acidosis, that is, excessive acid condition of the blood and other body fluids. Other causes includeInjury or pressure over a nerve trunkNerve damage Multiple sclerosis Blood supply disorders to the optic nerve Para nasal sinus infection Meningitis Viral illness Tuberculosis Presence of toxins in the bodyPoisoning with insecticides, mercury, lead, arsenic and alcohol.


 DIET:

Nutrition is the key for the treatment of neuritis. The emphasis should be on whole grains, particularly whole wheat, brown rice, raw and sprouted seeds, milk, yoghurt, and home-made cottage cheese. Carrot, beet, citrus fruits, apple and pineapple may be used for juices. Avoid white bread, sugar, refined cereals, meat, fish, tinned foods, tea, coffee, and condiments. 

HOME REMEDIES:

Soya Bean Milk

A cup of this milk, mixed with a teaspoon of honey, should be taken every night. It tones up the nervous system due to its rich concentration of lecithin, vitamin B and glutamic acid. Soya bean milk is prepared by soaking the beans in water for about twelve hours. The skin of the beans is then removed and after a thorough wash, they are turned into a fine paste in a grinding machine. The paste is mixed with water, three times its quantity. The milk is then boiled on a slow fire, and stirred frequently. After it becomes a little cooler, it should be strained through a cheesecloth and sugar added to it.  

Barley Brew

Barley brew is effective remedy fur neuritis. It is prepared by boiling quarter of a cup of pearled barley rain in half a cup of water. Then the water has boiled down to about one-quarter, it should be strained carefully. For better results, It should be mixed with half a glass of buttermilk and the' juice of half a lime. 

Carrot and Spinach

Raw carrots and spinach are rich in elements, the deficiency of which leads to neuritis. The most effective way in which the body can obtain and assimilate these dements is by drinking at least half a litre of the combined raw juices of carrot and spinach - 300 ml of carrot juice and 200 ml of spinach juice - daily.  

Orange Flowers

The use of orange flowers has also been found useful in neuritis. The water distilled from these flowers is a stimulating and refreshing drink, and should be taken regularly by the patient. The finest quality is one distilled from the petals of the bitter orange. Eating fresh orange flowers with honey is also 1m effective tonic for the nerves and valuable in treating neuritis, and about ten grams should be eaten daily.

 Vitamin B

All vitamins of the B group are valuable in neuritis. A combination of vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, and pantothenic acid have proved to be of immense help in this disease; in fad, extreme pain, weakness, and numbness, in some cases, have been relieved within an hour. 

 Other Neuritis Treatment

The patient should be given two or three hot baths with Epsom salts - a tablespoon of salt to a cup of hot water. He should remain in the bath for twenty-five to thirty minutes. The affected parts should also be bathed several times daily in hot water.Light exercise such as walking is also beneficial in the treatment of neuritis.

HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES:

Aconite

Aconite is the only remedy applied early in simple neuritis acute stage, caused by exposure to cold. The numbness, coldness, tearing pains, nightly aggravation, with mental anguish, will indicate the remedy. Arnica
This remedy seems to have a selective affinity in relieving terminal nerve pain and the soreness.
 

Hypericum
It is a remedy for Traumatic neuritis with sharp cutting pain, where nerves have been lacerated and the parts exceedingly sore.
 

Rhus toxicodendron
In the traumatic occasionally, but more especially in the rheumatic variety is Rhus curative. It has tearing, drawing and shooting pains. Exposure neuritis or that due to over exertion coupled with exposure finds in it a curative remedy. It also suits the gouty form.

Ferrum phosphoricum and Kali muriaticum the best remedies in rheumatic neuritis.

Cimicifuga- Alcoholic neuritis will frequently indicate this remedy. 

Ledum and Plumbum are also remedies for the alcoholic variety, and the latter is especially indicated in cases where atrophy appears, no matter what the variety.

Arsenicum is a powerful remedy in neuritis and its best field seems to be in multiple neuritis of a severe type, with the characteristic symptoms of burning worse at night and relief by heat. It will suit especially the broken down constitutions, anaemic conditions and irritability so often accompaniments of multiple neuritis.

Phosphorus is also frequently indicated and employed in the multiple varieties.

Anantherum muriaticum is a remedy for root neuritis.

Carburetum sulphuris has been used successfully in neuritis, especially in the sciatic variety. 

Aconitum Napellus
 Remedy when pain flares up after exposure to cold. Numbness and tingling, shooting pains. Affected area feels congested. Worse from cold winds, dry weather; evening and night. Better in open air and rest.

 

Colocynthis – (Bitter Apple)
Acts especially on the long nerves such as tri-facial and sciatic as well as spinal. Pain is violent, cutting. Better from hard pressure and warmth. May be worsened by anger, grief, and cold.

Hypericum Perforatum (St. John’s Wort)     
Injuries to fingers and toes as well as the tailbone. Pains are burning, tingling; numbness. Aching in sciatic nerve after sitting for long period of time. Worse change of weather; cold and damp; motion; close room. Better lying on face; bending back; bending head back; rubbing.


 Magnesia Phosphorica (Magnesium Phosphate)
Facial neuralgia worse from when the body gets cold from washing with cold water; on opening mouth to eat or drink. Sciatic pain with tender feet. Pains shift. Worse from cold air; night; uncovering; water; right side; touch; milk. Better from pressure; heat/warmth.


 Ranunculus Bulbosus   Remedy for Burning and intense itching. Worse from open air, cold; rain; change of position; standing; breathing; touch; evening and morning.  

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Jun 27, 2007 at 14:03 o\clock

Graying of Hair

Graying of Hair

 

 

 Introduction:

Graying of hair is generally considered as a sign of old age. At times, graying starts even at young age. This is considered as morbidity. In Ayurveda this is called palitya. According to Ayurveda excessive passion, anger and psychic strain results in graying of hair. Persons suffering from chronic cold and sinusitis and those who use warm water for washing there hair are more likely to be victims of this condition. 

Causes:

Dietic errors

 Worries and tension

 Lack of certain vitamins iron, copper, iodine, etc

Genetic factors

Unhygienic habits like unclean scalp, washing the hair with hot water, drying it with an electric dryer, and use of hair dyes.

Heredity 

Gray Hair as a Sign of Illness:

Due to graying of the hair at a particularly young age. Several illnesses may be heralded, including:

Vitamin B12 deficiency

Neurofibromatosis

Thyroid disease

Vitiligo

Alopecia areata

In addition, there is research linking premature graying of hair to other health conditions such as heart disease and low bone mass called osteopenia, Cigarette smoking also has been linked to premature graying. 

Dos and don’ts:

Avoid contaminated food.
 Avoid foods such as white flour, refined sugar and all products made from them. Avoid soft drinks, pastries, jams and jellies.

Avoid greasy and spicy food.

Avoid salty food.

Don’t use chemical based shampoos, gels and colors.

Regularly wash your hairs.

Give a gentle massage to your scalp once a week.

Oil your hairs twice a week.

Give stream bath to your hairs once in every 15 days.

Avoid extreme cold and hot environmental exposure to your hairs.

Keep your separate comb and do not use comb of other people.

Take at least eight hours continues sleep.

Drink lots water.

 Protect your hairs from direct exposure to sunlight.

Ayurvedic treatment:

Bhringraja and amalaki are popularly used for the treatment of this condition. Medicated oil prepared by boiling these two drugs, viz ,Mahabhringraj taila is used extremely for massaging the head, The powder of these two drugs is also used internally in a dose of one teaspoonful three times daily with milk. The oil prepared from the seeds of the Neem tree is used for inhalation twice a day for about a month. Along with this, the patient should be advised to take only milk as his diet.
 

Home Remedies:    

The use of Indian gooseberry is the foremost among the home remedies. The fruit, cut into pieces, should be dried, preferably in shade. These pieces should be boiled in coconut oil till the solid matter becomes like charred dust. This darkish oil is very useful against premature graying. The water in which dried amla pieces have been soaked overnight is also nourishing for the hair. This water should be used for the last rinse while washing the hair. Massaging the scalp every night with a teaspoonful of amla juice, mixed with a teaspoon of almond oil and a few drops of lime juice, also proves beneficial in the prevention and treatment of premature graying of hair.

 Amaranth is another effective home remedy for hair disorders. Application of the fresh juice of the leaves of this vegetable helps the hair to retain its black color and prevents it from premature graying. It also helps the growth of the hair and keeps it soft.

 Liberal intake of curry leaves is considered beneficial in preventing premature graying of hair. These leaves have the property of providing vitality and strength to hair roots. New hair roots that grow are healthier and contain a normal pigment. The leaves can be used in the form of chutney, or may be squeezed in buttermilk. When the leaves are boiled in coconut oil, the oil forms an excellent hair tonic to stimulate hair growth and bring back hair pigmentation.  

Ribbed gourd boiled in coconut oil is also an effective remedy for premature graying of hair. Pieces of this vegetable should be dried in the shade. These dried pieces should be soaked in coconut oil and kept aside for three or four days. The oil should then be boiled till the solid is reduced to a blackened residue. This oil should be massaged into the scalp. It will help enrich the hair roots and restore pigment to the hair. 

The butter made from cow's milk has the property of preventing premature graying of hair. A small roll may be taken internally and a little quantity may be massaged into the hair roots twice a week. 

 Apply a paste made from 2-Tsp. henna powder, 1-tsp. curd, 1-tsp. fenugreek seed powder, 1 tbsp. coffee, 2-tbsp. mint juice and 2-tbsp. basil juice. Apply this paste to the hair for two hours. For a darker color, leave this paste in for 3 to 4 hours. Wash hair with any natural shampoo.  Grate some fresh ginger. Mix with honey and place it in a jar. Eat 1-teaspoon everyday.

 Other Treatments:

The vitamins considered useful in guarding against premature graying of hair are pantothenic acid, para-aminobenzoic acid, and inositol. The minimum daily requirement of these vitamins appears to be 10 mg of pantothenic acid, 100 mg of para-aminobenzoic acid, and 2 gm of inositol. To obtain satisfactory results, all three of these vitamins belonging to the B group should be supplied at one time, preferably in a form which supplies all the B vitamins, such as yeast and liver. The three anti-graying-hair vitamins can also be produced in the intestinal tract by bacteria. Thus, taking a sufficient quantity of yoghurt daily and a tablespoonful of yeast before each meal is an excellent remedy for the prevention and treatment of premature graying of hair. If one wishes to take tablets of calcium pantothenate and para-aminobenzoic acid, they should be taken in addition to the yeast and yoghurt, and not as a substitute for them.  

 

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Jun 27, 2007 at 13:53 o\clock

HAY FEVER

HAY FEVER

 

 

Introduction:     

Hay fever is caused by pollens of specific seasonal plants in people who are allergic to these substances. When these symptoms are caused by pollens, the allergic rhinitis is commonly known as "hay fever," after the fact that it is most prevalent during haying season. 

Symptoms:   

The effect of hay fever can vary greatly: some people may only be mildly afflicted, whereas others may suffer greatly. Common symptoms include:Coughing Headache Itching nose, mouth, eyes, throat, skin. Runny nose (and occasionally nosebleeds) Impaired smell (and thus sensitivity to flavors) Sneezing Stuffy nose (nasal congestion) Watering eyes and/or plugged up ear canals. Sore throat Wheezing Fever Cross-reactivity allergy to some fruits Conjunctivitis .

 Causes:

The causes for hay fever include: Airborne allergies Pollen allergy Mold allergy Dust allergy Animal dander Food allergy 

Prevention:    

 The goal of prevention is to reduce allergy symptoms.

Avoiding exposure to pollen is the best way to decrease allergic symptoms.

Remain indoors in the morning and evening when outdoor pollen levels are highest.

Wear face masks designed to filter out pollen if you must be outdoors.

Keep windows closed and use the air conditioner if possible in the house and car. Do not dry clothes outdoors.

Avoid unnecessary exposure to other environmental irritants such as insect sprays, tobacco smoke, air pollution, and fresh tar or paint.

Avoid mowing the grass or doing other yard work, if possible.

Regular hand- and face-washing removes pollen from areas where it is likely to enter the nose.

A small amount of Vaseline around the eyes and nostrils will stop some pollen from entering the areas that cause a reaction

A very small amount of Vicks VapoRub(TM) cream around the eyes will effectively reduce the itching.  

Diet:   

Eat a clean, healthy and balanced diet. Include vitamin C in your diet.

 Avoid refined food, processed food, alcohol, tea, coffee, and flour, and sugar, salt and dairy products for one week.

 Include beta cartene rich food, dark green food, sprouted seeds and bean sprouts, garlic, yoghurt, pollen, Aloe Vera, oats in regular diet.

Drink plenty of filtered water and herbal tea. Eat good quality protein. 

 Treatment:

The best "treatment" is to avoid what causes your allergic symptoms in the first place. The most appropriate medication depends on the type and severity of symptoms. Specific illnesses that are caused by allergies (such as asthma and eczema) may require other treatments. Fast-acting strong antihistamines such as drugs including chlorphenamine which relieve the symptoms after a hay fever "attack". Corticosteroid nasal sprays are effective and somewhat safe, and may be effective without oral antihistamines. These medications include fluticasone (Flonase/Flixonase budesonide (Rhinocort), mometasone (Nasonex), triamcinolone (Nasacort) and beclomethasone. 

Herbal Remedies:                          

Bayberry can help to reduce the symptoms of nasal-pharynx congestion. In addition, Feverfew and Turmeric are effective.

Butterbur has been traditionally used to treat asthma and bronchitis and to reduce mucus.

 Evening Primrose is considered as a potential treatment for allergic rhinitis because the main active ingredient in it is gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), an essential fatty acid that may relieve allergy symptoms.

Stinging nettle has traditionally been used for treating a variety of conditions, including allergic rhinitis.

Chamommile tea is used to reduce duration of hay fever attacks.

Ephedra relieves congestion & bronchial spasms.

Eucalyptus is used in steam inhalation to ease congestion.

Eyebright tincture or capsules reduce hay fever symptoms.

Ginger reduces inflammation, antimicrobial.

Licorice root reduces inflammation, antiviral, antibacterial.

Rooibos tea is sometimes helpful in relieving symptoms.

St. John's wort capsules are used to relieve sinus headache.  

Homeopathic treatment:

Allium cepa:

Indications for this remedy include watery eyes and a clear nasal discharge that irritates the upper lip, along with sneezing and a tickling cough.

 Arsenicum album:

A burning, watery, runny nose with a stuffy, tickling feeling during allergy attacks suggests a need for this remedy.

Euphrasia:

This remedy can be helpful if the eyes are swollen and irritated with acrid tears or pus. The nose also runs, but with a blander discharge.

Ferrum phosphoricum:

This is a very useful remedy in the early stages of any inflammation.

 Gelsemium:

A tired, droopy feeling during allergies with a flushed and heavy-feeling face suggests a need for this remedy.

Natrum muriaticum:

Allergy attacks with sneezing, watery eyes, clear nasal discharge that resembles egg white, and a loss of taste and smell will all suggest a need for this remedy.

Nux vomica:

If the nose is alternately stuffed up (especially outdoors or at night) and running (indoors and in the daytime), this remedy may bring relief. Other symptoms include a teasing cough, a scraped or tickly feeling in the throat, and headache.

Sabadilla:

Long paroxysms of sneezing, itching in the nose with irritating runny discharge, a feeling of a lump in the throat, and watery eyes will all suggest a need for this remedy.

Wyethia:

Intolerable itching felt on the roof of the mouth and behind the nose sometimes extending into the throat and ears strongly suggests the use of this remedy.

Pycnogenol, an extract from the bark of the French maritime pine, is as effective in preventing release of histamine as a commonly used hay fever drug, sodium cromoglicate.

Green tea helps to maintain a healthy immune system. Drinking two or three cups of green tea daily, especially during the hay fever season, may be beneficial.  

Home Remedies:             

For Hay Fever, apply a little Petroleum Jelly inside your nose at the start of each day, this stops the irritation. 

Boil minced grapefruit and lemon rind in a little water for 10 minutes. Add some honey and take three spoonfuls a day. For hay fever, sometimes eyes get itchy just make black tea and put it in the fridge make it quite cold , keep on dipping the cotton wool in the tea and put it on your eyes, You will feel fresh and relaxed. 

Boil chamomile in water and inhale fumes from the water. 

 Acupuncture:     

It has been established in controlled trials that acupuncture is more effective than antihistamine drugs in treatment of hay fever. Acupuncture's lack of side-effects is a distinct advantage in treating this condition    

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