Hypercholesterolemia is the presence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood .It is not a disease but a metabolic derangement that can be secondary to many diseases and can contribute too many forms of disease.The most notable among them is the cardiovascular disease. The elevated levels of lipids are "hyperlipidemia” and the elevated levels of lipoproteins are known as"hyperlipoproteinemia." Familial hypercholesterolemia is a rare genetic disorder that can occur in families, where sufferers cannot properly metabolize cholesterol.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:
Longstanding elevated hypercholesterolemia leads to accelerated atherosclerosis: this can express itself in a number of cardiovascular diseases Angina pectoris, leading to PTCA or CABG Myocardial infarction (heart attack) Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) Cerebrovascular accidents/Strokes Peripheral artery disease (PAD
The cholesterol in a person's blood originates from two major sources, dietary intake and liver production. Dietary cholesterol comes mainly from meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products. Organ meats, such as liver, are especially high in cholesterol content, while foods of plant origin contain no cholesterol. After a meal, cholesterol is absorbed by the intestines into the blood circulation and is then packaged inside a protein coat. Other causes include
· Excessive consumption of fried fatty foods and other rich foods like ghee, butter, white flour, sugar, cheese and non vegetarian foods like meat, fish etc.
· Mental stress and strain
· Major Risk Factors That Affect Your LDL Goal
· Cigarette smoking
· High blood pressure
· Low HDL cholesterol
· Family history of early heart disease
There are a number of secondary causes for high cholesterol:
· Diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome
· Kidney disease (nephrotic syndrome)
· Anorexia nervosa
· Zieve's syndrome
· Family history
High levels of cholesterol in the blood can increase the risk of having testicular cancer in men. High Cholesterol is linked to Alzheimer’s disease which is a degenerative brain disease that usually begins gradually, causing a person to forget recent events or familiar tasks.High Cholesterol is a potential risk factor and increases chances of stroke even in healthy women with no history of heart disease or stroke.
Saturated fat raises blood cholesterol levels. Thus it is mainly by limiting the amount of saturated fat in one's diet that helps lower total serum cholesterol. Being overweight is a definite risk factor for heart disease. It also tends to increase your cholesterol. Losing weight can help lower the LDL and total cholesterol levels, as well as raise your HDL and lower your triglyceride levels.
Lack of physical activity is a risk factor for heart disease. Regular physical activity can also help lower LDL (bad) cholesterol and raise HDL (good) cholesterol levels. It also helps you lose weight. All three of these activities done together can have a positive effect on one's blood cholesterol level.
Clinical Evidence has summarized treatment for both primary prevention and secondary prevention. Two factors to consider when choosing therapy are the patient's risk of coronary disease and their lipoprotein pattern.The treatment depends on the type of hypercholesterolemia. Fredrickson Types IIa and IIb can be treated with diet, statins (most prominently rosuvastatin, atorvastatin, simvastatin, or pravastatin), cholesterol absorption inhibitors (ezetimibe), fibrates (gemfibrozil, bezafibrate, fenofibrate or ciprofibrate), vitamin B3 (niacin), bile acid sequestrants (colestipol, cholestyramine), LDL apheresis and in hereditary severe cases liver transplantation. Many primary physicians and heart specialists will initially prescribe medication in combination with diet and exercise. According to various resources, statins are the most commonly used and effective forms of medication for the treatment of high cholesterol.
Coriander seeds are considered valuable in lowering blood cholesterol. They also aid in stimulating the kidneys. In 1 glass of water, add 2 tbsps of coriander seeds and bring to a boil. Let the decoction cool for some time and then strain. Drink this mixture two times in a day.
Sunflower seeds are extremely beneficial, as they contain linoleic acid that helps in reducing the cholesterol deposits on the walls of arteries. You just need to modify the cooking style a bit and substitute sunflower seeds for solid fats such as butter and cream.
Incorporate loads of fiber in meals, as fiber helps a great deal in lowering the cholesterol pressure in blood.
The common herbal remedies for high cholesterol include Red Yeast Rice (Monascus purpurea) Gugulipid, Aspalathus linear is (Rooibos), Fenugreek, Dandelion, Garlic, Fennel, Rosehips, and Agrimony as well as the Bach Flowers Chestnut Bud, Honeysuckle, Heather and Wild Rose.
Guggul, Arjuna, shudh shilajit, cinnamom are some of the excellent homeopathic remedies. Shudda Guggul, Arjuna and garlic can be obtained in the form of capsules.
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