Mumps or epidemic parotitis is a viral disease of humans. It is caused by a virus that usually spreads through saliva and can infect many parts of the body, especially the parotid salivary glands. These glands, which produce saliva for the mouth, are found toward the back of each cheek, in the area between the ear and jaw. In cases of mumps, these glands typically swell and become painful.
The main symptoms are Swelling of the parotid gland on one side (unilateral) or both sides (bilateral), and pain behind the lower jaw when chewing.
Loss of appetite
Orchitis, referring to painful inflammation of the testicle..
Other symptoms of mumps can include, sore face and/or ears and occasionally in more serious cases, loss of voice.
Common Causes of Mumps are
Droplets from coughs & sneezes
Lack of immunization
The mumps virus is contagious and spreads in tiny drops of fluid from the mouth and nose of someone who is infected. It can be passed to others through sneezing, coughing, or even laughing. The virus can also spread to other people through direct contact, such as picking up tissues or using drinking glasses that have been used by the infected person.
There is no specific treatment for mumps. The symptoms may be relieved by the application of intermittent ice or heat to the affected neck area and by Acetaminophen/Paracetamol (Tylenol) for pain relief. Warm salt water gargles, soft foods, and extra fluids may also help relieve symptoms. Patients are advised to avoid fruit juice or any acidic foods, since these stimulate the salivary glands, which can be painful.
The most common preventative measure against mumps is immunization with a mumps vaccine.
The first dose given to children at 12 to 15 months of age and second dose of MMR is generally given at 4 to 6 years of age.
Complications of mumps are potentially serious, but rare. These include:
Orchitis - This inflammatory condition causes swelling of one or both testicles.
Pancreatitis - This is swelling of the pancreas. Signs and symptoms of pancreatitis include pain in the upper abdomen, nausea and vomiting.
Encephalitis - A viral infection, such as mumps, can lead to inflammation of the brain.
Meningitis - It can occur if the mumps virus spreads through the bloodstream to infect central nervous system.
Inflammation of the ovaries - Pain in the lower abdomen in women may be a symptom of this problem. Fertility doesn't seem to be affected.
Hearing loss - In rare cases, mumps can cause hearing loss, usually permanent, in one or both ears.
Chebulic myroblan is another good remedy for treating mumps. A thick paste should be made from chebulic myroblan by rubbing it in water. This should be applied over the swellings. The patient may feel good after applying it.
Mullein Tea - Apply a cloth soaked in mullein tea to the affected areas. This will help to combat with swelling.
Seeds of Asparagus - The seeds of asparagus are valuable in mumps. The seeds of asparagus combined with an equal proportion of methi (fenugreek) seeds, should be ground together and made in paste form. This paste can be applied over the swellings.
Margosa Leaves - Margosa Leaves act as a good herbal treatment for mumps. Make powdered form of margosa leaves and mix it with haldi and make a paste of it. This should be applied externally over the affected parts by mumps.
The leaves of the peepal tree are another effective home remedy. These leaves should be smeared with ghee and warmed over a fire. They should then be bandaged over the inflamed part for beneficial results.
The use of the herb Indian aloe is a well known remedy. A piece of a leaf of this herb should be peeled on one side, warmed and then sprinkled with a little turmeric (haldi) and the extract of Indian barbery (rasaut), and then bandaged over the swelling.
Dry ginger is considered beneficial in the treatment of mumps. It should be made into a paste and applied over the swollen parts. As the paste dries, the swelling will be reduced and the pain will also subside.
To begin with, the patient should be kept on a diet of orange juice diluted with warm water on a 50:50 basis, for a few days. If the orange juice does not suit the patient, the juices of other fruit such as lemon (mossambi), apple, pineapple, grapes; or vegetables like carrots should be given. Then the patient can swallow food comfortably and the swelling has subsided, an all-fruit diet should be adopted for a day or two. Then he may be allowed to gradually embark upon a well-balanced diet of natural foods, with emphasis on fresh fruits and raw vegetables.
This remedy may be indicated in mumps if the fever comes on suddenly and the person is very agitated. Stabbing or tingling pain can be felt in the jaw or face. The person feels worse from warmth and better from fresh air, and is often very thirsty.
When this remedy is indicated, the face looks puffy, pink, and tender, and cool compresses are soothing. Even with fever, thirst is usually low. The person is irritable, disliking interference.
Strong anxiety and restlessness despite a feeling of exhaustion suggest a need for this remedy. The head may feel hot and the rest of the body chilly. This remedy is sometimes helpful in preventing complications involving the ovaries or testicles.
When the illness comes on quickly with high fever, a hot flushed face, and eyes that are sensitive to light, this remedy may be indicated. Shooting pains can be felt in the swollen cheek. The person may also have a throbbing headache.
This remedy is indicated when the person feels worse from any motion. Hard, tender swelling is felt in the cheek, and fever may be accompanied by headache. The person’s mouth feels dry, with thirst for long cold drinks.
This remedy often helps during the mumps if the person’s head perspires during sleep, the hands and feet feel cold and damp, and lymph nodes are also swollen. A person who needs this remedy often feels anxious and is easily fatigued. Children may feel hot, but adults tend to be chilly.
When this remedy is indicated, fever may develop slowly, and the person may feel chilled and faint. The stomach may also be upset, with gas and belching. This remedy may often help if testicles, ovaries, or breasts become involved in mumps, when the other symptoms fit.
This remedy can be helpful if hard, painful swelling of the salivary glands occurs below the chin, as well as in the cheeks, along with a large amount of salivation. The person is very sensitive to temperature changes. Offensive breath, swollen lymph nodes, and perspiration during sleep are also seen.
This remedy may be useful if swelling of the parotid gland is sore and tight, or if the breasts or other glands are becoming painful and swollen. The person may feel tired, dizzy, and sore all over. Relief may come from drinking something cold, but the person is better from warmth in general.
This remedy is used when the person feels worse from warmth and in the evening and better from open air. Despite a fever, thirst is often low.
When swelling of the cheek looks reddish and the person feels achy, restless, and driven to get up and move around, this remedy may be helpful. Stiffness and aching are relieved by warmth and motion.
Also visit http://www.herbsandcures.com